Colorectal Cancer Awareness month is observed during the month of March every year around the globe, in order to spread awareness on colon cancer.
Colorectal cancer is the second largest cause of death due to cancers affecting both men and women. Though it effects people from all age groups, but is most common in people beyond the age of 50 plus.
It is a type of cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. Most cases of colon cancer starts with small, noncancerous clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps and over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers.
Change in bowel habits that includes diarrhea or may be constipation or even change in the consistency of the stool are some major symptoms of it. This follows blood in stool and rectal bleeding, persistent abdominal discomforts like cramps, pain and gas, unexpected weight loss and weakness or fatigue. In many cases people affected have no initial symptoms and when they get it is at an advance stage.
Genes or the DNA has been majorly attributed to the cause of colon cancer and diet also play a major role in the development of this cancer. Foods high in fat and low in fibre are a main dietary cause of this type of cancer. Sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, obesity, habits of smoking and drinking nd age are also some of the factors associated with colorectal cancer.
People with family history of colon cancer and who observe symptoms should take precautions like:
Eating a variety of whole grains, fruits and vegetables.